72% of Iran’s population struggling with long-term drought: official
Studies show that droughts and dry spells have been changing in different regions and may change under different climate change scenarios. Every year, droughts affect agriculture, water resources, and ecosystems of Iran and conditions may be getting worse. Water resource systems in Iran are sensitive to climatic change and variability. A March 2014 study observes a significant drying trend at 95 percent confidence level in the northern, northwestern, and central parts of Iran.
Since the beginning of the current crop year in Iran and based on the indices of the past nine months (September 23, 2015-June 20, 2016) periods of drought have affected parts of Isfahan, Yazd, Chaharmahal-Bakhtiari, South Khorasan, Khorasan Razavi, Fars, Kerman, Semnan, Sistan-Baluchestan, Qom, Markazi, Gilan, and Mazandaran to different extents, Shahrokh Fateh said.
According to statistics, 31 percent of the country’s total land area is suffering mild drought, 29 percent is facing moderate drought, 12 percent is being plagued by severe drought, and one percent is struggling with extreme drought, Fateh told ISNA news agency.
He went on to say that 27 percent of Iran’s population is facing mild drought, 32 percent with moderate drought, 12 percent with severe drought and one percent with extreme drought.
Water stress is an issue Iran is facing for some years now and stems from various reasons ranging from old farming patterns and mismanagement of water resources and to the climate change