Science Sources

Search the database below for peer-reviewed studies and organizational reports documenting climate change trends. (Note: The database does not include studies on projected, or future change.) For studies that specifically identify the fingerprint of climate change on observed trends and events, visit Science Sources: Detection and Attribution.


Attribution of climate extreme events Nature Climate Change Jun 22, 2015 Kevin E. Trenberth, John T. Fasullo & Theodore G. Shepherd
Climate change now detectable from any single day of weather at global scale Nature Climate Change Jan 2, 2020 Sebastian Sippel, Nicolai Meinshausen, Erich M. Fischer, Enikő Székely, Reto Knutti
IPCC AR5 WGI: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis Cambridge University Press Sep 1, 2013 Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)
NCA 4: Climate Change Impacts in the United States (Volume I) U.S. Global Change Research Program Nov 3, 2017 Donald Wuebbles, David Fahey, and Kathleen Hibbard
Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change Assessment: Part I Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society May 28, 2019 Thomas Knutson, Suzana J. Camargo, Johnny C. L. Chan, Kerry Emanuel, Chang-Hoi Ho, James Kossin, Mrutyunjay Mohapatra, Masaki Satoh, Masato Sugi, Kevin Walsh, and Liguang Wu
Titlesort descending Source Date Author(s)
Understanding climate change projections for precipitation over western Europe with a weather typing approach Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres Feb 8, 2016 Santos, João A., Belo‐Pereira, Margarida, Fraga, Helder, Pinto, Joaquim G.
Understanding Recent Eastern Horn of Africa Rainfall Variability and Change Journal of Climate Dec 5, 2014 Brant Liebmann, Martin P. Hoerling, Chris Funk, Ileana Bladé, Randall M. Dole, Dave Allured, Xiaowei Quan, Philip Pegion, and Jon K. Eischeid
Understanding the rapid summer warming and changes in temperature extremes since the mid-1990s over Western Europe Climate Dynamics May 5, 2016 Buwen Dong, Rowan T. Sutton, Len Shaffrey
Unnatural Coastal Floods: Sea level rise and the human fingerprint on U.S. floods since 1950 Climate Central Feb 23, 2016 Benjamin H. Strauss, Robert E. Kopp, William V. Sweet, Klaus Bittermann
Unprecedented 21st century drought risk in the American Southwest and Central Plains Science Advances Feb 12, 2015 Benjamin I. Cook, Toby R. Ault, Jason E. Smerdon
Unprecedented drought over tropical South America in 2016: significantly under-predicted by tropical SST Scientific Reports Jul 19, 2017 Amir Erfanian, Guiling Wang, and Lori Fomenko
Unprecedented warming revealed from multi-proxy reconstruction of temperature in southern China for the past 160 years Advances in Atmospheric Sciences Jun 29, 2017 Yang Liu, Jingyun Zheng, Zhixin Hao, Xuezhen Zhang
Unraveling anthropogenic influence on the changing risk of heat waves in China Geophysical Research Letters May 21, 2017 Sun, Qiaohong, Miao, Chiyuan, AghaKouchak, Amir, Duan, Qingyun
Updated analyses of temperature and precipitation extreme indices since the beginning of the twentieth century: The HadEX2 dataset Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres Mar 4, 2013 Donat, M. G., Alexander, L. V., Yang, H., Durre, I., Vose, R., Dunn, R. J. H., Willett, K. M., Aguilar, E., Brunet, M., Caesar, J., Hewitson, B., Jack, C., Klein Tank, A. M. G., Kruger, A. C., Marengo, J., Peterson, T. C., Renom, M. et al
Upper Ocean O2 trends: 1958‐2015 Geophysical Research Letters Apr 24, 2017 Ito, Takamitsu, Minobe, Shoshiro, Long, Matthew C., Deutsch, Curtis
Upper-tropospheric moistening in response to anthropogenic warming Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences May 23, 2014 Eui-Seok Chung, Brian Soden, B. J. Sohn, Lei Shi
Urban heat island impacts on plant phenology: intra-urban variability and response to land cover Environmental Research Letters May 20, 2016 Samuel C Zipper, Jason Schatz, Aditya Singh, Christopher J Kucharik, Philip A Townsend, Steven P Loheide II
US daily temperature records past, present, and future Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Nov 22, 2016 Gerald A. Meehl, Claudia Tebaldi, Dennis Adams-Smith
US regional tornado outbreaks and their links to spring ENSO phases and North Atlantic SST variability Environmental Research Letters Jan 22, 2016 Sang-Ki Lee, Andrew TWittenberg, David B Enfield, Scott J Weaver, Chunzai Wang and Robert Atlas
US surface ozone trends and extremes from 1980 to 2014: quantifying the roles of rising Asian emissions, domestic controls, wildfires, and climate Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Mar 1, 2017 Lin, Meiyun, Horowitz, Larry W., Payton, Richard, Fiore, Arlene M., Tonnesen, Gail
US surface ozone trends and extremes from 1980 to 2014: quantifying the roles of rising Asian emissions, domestic controls, wildfires, and climate Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Mar 1, 2017 Lin, Meiyun, Horowitz, Larry W., Payton, Richard, Fiore, Arlene M., Tonnesen, Gail
Using data to attribute episodes of warming and cooling in instrumental records Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Feb 5, 2013 Ka-Kit Tung, Jiansong Zhou
Using GPS collars to determine parturition and cause-specific mortality of moose calves Wildlife Society Bulletin Jul 21, 2015 Severud, William J., Giudice, Glenn Del, Obermoller, Tyler R., Enright, Thomas A., Wright, Robert G., Forester, James D.
Using present-day observations to detect when anthropogenic change forces surface ocean carbonate chemistry outside preindustrial bounds Biogeosciences Sep 13, 2016 Sutton, Adrienne J., Sabine, Christopher L., Feely, Richard A., Cai, Wei-Jun, Cronin, Meghan F., McPhaden, Michael J., Morell, Julio M., Newton, Jan A., Noh, Jae-Hoon, Ólafsdóttir, Sólveig R., Salisbury, Joseph E., Send, Uwe et al
Variability and climate change in the Mantaro River Basin, Central Peruvian Andes Proceedings of 8 ICSHMO Apr 24, 2006 Yamina Silva, Ken Takahashi, Nicolas Cruz, Grace Trasmonte, Kobi Mosquera, Elsa Nickl, Raul Chavez, Berlin Segura and Pablo Lagos