Sep 1, 2006

Multimodel Multisignal Climate Change Detection at Regional Scale

by
Xuebin Zhang
,
AMS Journal of Climate
  • Assesses the causes of twentieth-century temperature changes from global to regional scales using an optimal detection technique and climate change simulations produced with two versions of two global climate models (GCMs)
  • Conducts analysis in nine spatial domains: 1) the globe; 2) the Northern Hemisphere; four large regions in the Northern Hemispheric midlatitudes covering 30°–70°N including 3) Eurasia, 4) North America, 5) Northern Hemispheric land only, 6) the entire 30°–70°N belt; and three smaller regions over 7) southern Canada, 8) southern Europe, and 9) China
  • Finds that the effect of anthropogenic forcing on climate is clearly detectable at global through regional scales
  • Finds that the effect of combined greenhouse gases and sulfate aerosol forcing is detectable in all nine domains in annual and seasonal mean temperatures observed during the second half of the twentieth century
  • States that the effect of greenhouse gases can also be separated from that of sulfate aerosols over this period at continental and regional scales