Mar 10, 2014

Neonates in Ahmedabad, India, during the 2010 Heat Wave: A Climate Change Adaptation Study

by
Khyati Kakkad, Michelle L. Barzaga, Sylvan Wallenstein, Gulrez Shah Azhar, and Perry E. Sheffield
,
Journal of Environmental and Public Health
  • Compares neonatal morbidity in a non-air-conditioned hospital during the 2010 heat wave in Ahmedabad to morbidity in the prior and subsequent years
  • States the outcome of interest was neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions for heat
  • Finds during the months of April, May, and June of 2010, 24 NICU admissions were for heat versus 8 and 4 in 2009 and 2011, respectively
  • Finds both the effect of moving the maternity ward and the effect of high temperatures were statistically significant, controlling for each other
  • Finds that above 42 degrees Celsius, each daily maximum temperature increase of a degree was associated with 43% increase in heat-related admissions
  • States the findings demonstrate the importance of simple surveillance measures in motivating a hospital policy change for climate change adaptation—here relocating one ward—and the potential increasing health burden of heat in non-climate-controlled institutions on vulnerable populations