Feb 15, 2015

Potential Antarctic Ice Sheet retreat driven by hydrofracturing and ice cliff failure

David Pollard, Robert M. DeConto, Richard B. Alley
Earth and Planetary Science Letters

We now have stronger evidence that sufficient West Antarctic retreat could lead to a higher calving front than any on Earth today, and higher than a stability limit suggested by recent papers. Putting that understanding into projections of the future, as in our new paper, has implications for the worst-case scenario. And, testing against the paleoclimatic record provides support for that understanding.

- Richard Alley, study co-author

  • States that geological data indicate that global mean sea level has fluctuated on 103-106 year time scales during the last ∼25 million years, at times reaching 20 m or more above modern
  • States that, if correct, this implies substantial variations in the size of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet (EAIS)
  • States that, however, most climate and ice sheet models have not been able to simulate significant EAIS retreat from continental size, given that atmospheric CO2 levels were relatively low throughout this period
  • Adds two never-before-accounted-for physical processes to a continental ice sheet model: hydrofracturing and cliff failure
  • Runs the model forward in time, applying atmospheric and ocean temperatures typical of past warm periods
  • Finds that incorporating these mechanisms accelerates the expected collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet to decadal time scales, and also causes retreat into major East Antarctic subglacial basins, producing ∼17 m global sea-level rise within a few thousand years