Feb 4, 2020

Sea-level rise 'accelerating' along U.S. coasts, report warns

United States
by
Doyle Rice
,
USA Today
sea level rise from climate change
Credit: KSwinicki Getty Images

Signals Summary: Climate change is greatly accelerating sea level rise because it's causing glacier and ice sheets to melt and the ocean to expand


Article Excerpt: The rate of sea level rise along much of the U.S. coastline continues to accelerate, according to a new report.

The report's key message "is a clear trend toward acceleration in rates of sea-level rise at 25 of our 32 tide-gauge stations," said Virginia Institute of Marine Science emeritus professor John Boon in a statement. "Acceleration can be a game changer in terms of impacts and planning, so we really need to pay heed to these patterns."

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Sea-level rise acceleration was highest along the Gulf Coast, where Grand Island, Louisiana, saw a nearly 8 millimeter yearly increase, which is double the global average, according to the report. Galveston and Rockport in Texas also had significant increases. 

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Worldwide, sea level has risen about 8 inches since 1880 but, unlike water in a bathtub, it doesn't rise evenly. In the past 100 years, it has climbed about a foot or more in some U.S. cities because of ocean currents and land subsidence.

Here's why: As the Earth's temperature warms, so do the seas. Heat-trapping greenhouse gases cause more land ice (glaciers and ice sheets) to melt and water to expand. Warmer water simply takes up more room than cooler water. 

Scientists say global warming will be the primary cause of future sea-level rise. Their greatest uncertainty is how quickly the massive West Antarctic ice sheet will melt.

The current acceleration in rates of sea-level rise began around 2013 or 2014, the report says, likely associated with ocean dynamics and ice-sheet loss. In 2019, rates of sea-level rise accelerated at all 21 of the stations studied along the U.S. East and Gulf coasts, and at seven of the eight monitored stations along the U.S. West Coast.