Science Sources

Search the database below for peer-reviewed studies and organizational reports documenting climate change trends. (Note: The database does not include studies on projected, or future change.) For studies that specifically identify the fingerprint of climate change on observed trends and events, visit Science Sources: Detection and Attribution.


Title Source Date Author(s)
Climate change now detectable from any single day of weather at global scale Nature Climate Change Sebastian Sippel, Nicolai Meinshausen, Erich M. Fischer, Enikő Székely, Reto Knutti
Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change Assessment: Part I Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Thomas Knutson, Suzana J. Camargo, Johnny C. L. Chan, Kerry Emanuel, Chang-Hoi Ho, James Kossin, Mrutyunjay Mohapatra, Masaki Satoh, Masato Sugi, Kevin Walsh, and Liguang Wu
NCA 4: Climate Change Impacts in the United States (Volume I) U.S. Global Change Research Program Donald Wuebbles, David Fahey, and Kathleen Hibbard
IPCC AR5 WGI: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis Cambridge University Press Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)
Attribution of climate extreme events Nature Climate Change Kevin E. Trenberth, John T. Fasullo & Theodore G. Shepherd
Title Source Date Author(s)
Recent increases in tropical cyclone precipitation extremes over the US east coast Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Justin T. Maxwell, Joshua C. Bregy, Scott M. Robeson, Paul A. Knapp, Peter T. Soulé, and Valerie Trouet
Global urban population exposure to extreme heat Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Cascade Tuholske, Kelly Caylor, Chris Funk, Andrew Verdin, Stuart Sweeney, Kathryn Grace, Pete Peterson, and Tom Evans
Marine heatwaves exacerbate climate change impacts for fisheries in the northeast Pacific Scientific Reports William W. L. Cheung & Thomas L. Frölicher
Increased drought severity tracks warming in the United States’ largest river basin Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Justin Martin, Gregory Pederson, Connie Woodhouse, Edward Cook, Gregory McCabe, Kevin Anchukaitis, Erika Wise, Patrick Erger, Larry Dolan, Marketa McGuire, Subhrendu Gangopadhyay, Katherine Chase, Jeremy Littell, Stephen Gray, Scott St. George et al.
Global snow drought hot spots and characteristics Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Huning and AghaKouchak
A Later Onset of the Rainy Season in California Geophysical Research Letters Jelena Luković, John C. H. Chiang, Dragan Blagojević, & Aleksandar Sekulić
Increasing importance of temperature as a contributor to the spatial extent of streamflow drought Environmental Research Letters Manuela Brunner, Daniel L Swain, Eric Gilleland, and Andrew Wood
Human influence on joint changes in temperature, rainfall and continental aridity Nature Climate Change Céline J. W. Bonfils, Benjamin D. Santer, John C. Fyfe, Kate Marvel, Thomas J. Phillips & Susan R. H. Zimmerman
Future Warming and Intensification of Precipitation Extremes: A “Double Whammy” Leading to Increasing Flood Risk in California Xingying Huang, Samantha Stevenson, and Alex D. Hall
Anomalously weak Labrador Sea convection and Atlantic overturning during the past 150 years Nature David J. R. Thornalley, Delia W. Oppo, Pablo Ortega, Jon I. Robson, Chris M. Brierley, Renee Davis, Ian R. Hall, Paola Moffa-Sanchez, Neil L. Rose, Peter T. Spooner, Igor Yashayaev & Lloyd D. Keigwin
Observed fingerprint of a weakening Atlantic Ocean overturning circulation Nature L. Caesar, S. Rahmstorf, A. Robinson, G. Feulner & V. Saba
Current Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation weakest in last millennium Nature Geoscience L. Caesar, G. D. McCarthy, D. J. R. Thornalley, N. Cahill & S. Rahmstorf
Atmospheric winter response to Arctic sea ice changes in reanalysis data and model simulations Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres Ralf Jaiser, Tetsu Nakamura, Dörthe Handorf, Klaus Dethloff, Jinro Ukita, and Koji Yamazaki
Weakening of the stratospheric polar vortex by Arctic sea-ice loss Nature Communications Baek-Min Kim, Seok-Woo Son, Seung-Ki Min, Jee-Hoon Jeong, Seong-Joong Kim, Xiangdong Zhang, Taehyoun Shim, Jin-Ho Yoon 
Persistent shift of the Arctic polar vortex towards the Eurasian continent in recent decades Nature Climate Change Jiankai Zhang, Wenshou Tian, Martyn P. Chipperfield, Fei Xie, and Jinlong Huang.
Warm Arctic, Cold Continents: A Common Pattern Related to Arctic Sea Ice Melt, Snow Advance, and Extreme Winter Weather Judah Cohen, Justin E. Jones, Jason C. Furtado, Eli Tziperman
Changing state of Arctic sea ice across all seasons Environmental Research Letters Stroeve and Notz
Review article: Earth's ice imbalance The Cryosphere Thomas Slater, Isobel R. Lawrence, Inès N. Otosaka, Andrew Shepherd, Noel Gourmelen, Livia Jakob, Paul Tepes, Lin Gilbert, and Peter Nienow
Future changes in Northern Hemisphere summer weather persistence linked to projected Arctic warming. Geophysical Research Letters Kai Kornhuber & Talia Tamarin‐Brodsky
Extremes become routine in an emerging new Arctic Nature Climate Change Laura Landrum & Marika M. Holland