William Sweet, Chris Zervas, Stephen Gill, and Joseph Park

Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Published date September 1, 2013

EEE 2012: Hurricane Sandy Inundation Probabilities Today and Tomorrow

Main findings:

Climate change-related SLR exacerbates extreme-event inundation relative to fixed elevations. Relative sea level rise over 1950–2012 from global SLR (thermal expansion and ice melt), vertical land motion (subsidence), and ocean circulation variability has contributed to a one- to two-thirds decrease in Sandy-level event recurrences.

Full report:

EEE 2012: Explaining Extreme Events of 2012 from a Climate Perspective