Aug 2, 2017

Systematic Assessment of the Climate Sensitivity of Important Human and Domestic Animals Pathogens in Europe

by
K. Marie McIntyre, Christian Setzkorn, Philip J. Hepworth, Serge Morand, Andrew P. Morse, Matthew Baylis
,
Scientific Reports
  • States that climate change is expected to threaten human health via its effects on infectious diseases, potentially changing their spatial distributions, affecting annual/seasonal cycles, or altering disease incidence and severity
  • States that climate sensitivity of pathogens is a key indicator that diseases might respond to climate change, but the proportion of pathogens that is climate-sensitive, and their characteristics, are not known
  • Systematically reviews literature on the climate sensitivity of European human and domestic animal infectious pathogens, and the characteristics associated with sensitivity
  • Finds that:
    • Sixty-three percent of pathogens were climate sensitive
    • Protozoa and helminths, vector-borne, foodborne, soilborne and waterborne transmission routes were associated with larger numbers of climate drivers
    • Zoonotic pathogens were more climate sensitive than human- or animal-only pathogens
  • Results help prioritize surveillance for pathogens that may respond to climate change