Science Sources

Search the database below for peer-reviewed studies and organizational reports documenting climate change trends. (Note: The database does not include studies on projected, or future change.) For studies that specifically identify the fingerprint of climate change on observed trends and events, visit Science Sources: Detection and Attribution.


Climate change now detectable from any single day of weather at global scale Nature Climate Change Jan 2, 2020 Sebastian Sippel, Nicolai Meinshausen, Erich M. Fischer, Enikő Székely, Reto Knutti
Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change Assessment: Part I Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society May 28, 2019 Thomas Knutson, Suzana J. Camargo, Johnny C. L. Chan, Kerry Emanuel, Chang-Hoi Ho, James Kossin, Mrutyunjay Mohapatra, Masaki Satoh, Masato Sugi, Kevin Walsh, and Liguang Wu
NCA 4: Climate Change Impacts in the United States (Volume I) U.S. Global Change Research Program Nov 3, 2017 Donald Wuebbles, David Fahey, and Kathleen Hibbard
Attribution of climate extreme events Nature Climate Change Jun 22, 2015 Kevin E. Trenberth, John T. Fasullo & Theodore G. Shepherd
IPCC AR5 WGI: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis Cambridge University Press Sep 1, 2013 Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)
Title Source Datesort ascending Author(s)
Detection and Attribution of Recent Climate Change: A Status Report Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Dec 1, 1999 T. P. Barnett, K. Hasselmann, M. Chelliah, T. Delworth, G. Hegerl, P. Jones, E. Rasmusson, E. Roeckner, C. Ropelewski, B. Santer, and S. Tett
Thinning of the Arctic sea-ice cover Geophysical Research Letters Dec 1, 1999 Rothrock, D. A., Yu, Y., Maykut, G. A.
Relative roles of climate and emissions changes on future tropospheric oxidant concentrations Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres Aug 1, 1999 Johnson, C. E., Collins, W. J., Stevenson, D. S., Derwent, R. G.
Causes of twentieth-century temperature change near the Earth's surface Nature Jun 10, 1999 Simon F. B. Tett, Peter A. Stott, Myles R. Allen, William J. Ingram, John F. B. Mitchell
Near-Fatal Heat Stroke during the 1995 Heat Wave in Chicago Annals of Internal Medicine Aug 1, 1998 Jane E. Dematte, Karen O'Mara, Jennifer Buescher, Cynthia G. Whitney, Sean Forsythe, Turi McNamee, Raghavendra B. Adiga, I. Maurice Ndukwu
Photochemical box modeling of long-range transport from North America to Tenerife during NARE Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres Jun 1, 1998 Schultz, M., Schmitt, R., Thomas, K., Volz‐Thomas, A.
Detecting climate signals in the surface temperature record AMS Journal of Climate Apr 1, 1998 Gerald R. North and Mark J. Stevens
“Great Salinity Anomalies” in the North Atlantic Progress in Oceanography Jan 1, 1998 I.M Belkin, S Levitus, J Antonov, S.-A Malmberg
Maximum and Minimum Temperature Trends for the Globe Science Jul 18, 1997 David R. Easterling, Briony Horton, Philip D. Jones, Thomas C. Peterson, Thomas R. Karl, David E. Parker, M. James Salinger, Vyacheslav Razuvayev, Neil Plummer, Paul Jamason, Christopher K. Folland
Multi-fingerprint detection and attribution analysis of greenhouse gas, greenhouse gas-plus-aerosol and solar forced climate change Climate Dynamics Jan 27, 1997 G. C. Hegerl, K. Hasselmann, U. Cubasch, J. F. B. Mitchell, E. Roeckner, R. Voss, J. Waszkewitz
The 1995 Chicago Heat Wave: How Likely Is a Recurrence? Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Dec 3, 1996 Thomas R. Karl and Richard W. Knight
Detecting Greenhouse-Gas-Induced Climate Change with an Optimal Fingerprint Method AMS Journal of Climate Oct 1, 1996 Hegerl, G.C., H.v. Storch, K. Hasselmann, B.D. Santer, U. Cubasch, and P.D. Jones
Heat-Related Deaths during the July 1995 Heat Wave in Chicago The New England Journal of Medicine Jul 11, 1996 Jan C. Semenza, Ph.D., M.P.H., Carol H. Rubin, D.V.M., M.P.H., Kenneth H. Falter, Ph.D., Joel D. Selanikio, M.D., W. Dana Flanders, M.D., D.Sc., Holly L. Howe, Ph.D., and John L. Wilhelm, M.D., M.P.H.
A search for human influences on the thermal structure of the atmosphere Nature Jul 4, 1996 B. D. Santer, K. E. Taylor, T. M. L. Wigley, T. C. Johns, P. D. Jones, D. J. Karoly, J. F. B. Mitchell, A. H. Oort, J. E. Penner, V. Ramaswamy, M. D. Schwarzkopf, R. J. Stouffer, S. Tett
Impacts and Responses to the 1995 Heat Wave: A Call to Action Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Jul 1, 1996 Stanley A. Changnon, Kenneth E. Kunkel, and Beth C. Reinke
The July 1995 Heat Wave in the Midwest: A Climatic Perspective and Critical Weather Factors Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Jul 1, 1996 Kunkel, K. E., S. A. Changnon, B. C. Reinke, and R. W. Arritt
Natural and anthropogenic changes in atmospheric CO2 over the last 1000 years from air in Antarctic ice and firn Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres Feb 1, 1996 Etheridge, D. M., Steele, L. P., Langenfelds, R. L., Francey, R. J., Barnola, J.‐M., Morgan, V. I.
Towards the detection and attribution of an anthropogenic effect on climate Climate Dynamics Dec 1, 1995 Benjamin D. Santer, Karl E. Taylor, Tom M. L. Wigley, Joyce E. Penner, Philip D. Jones, Ulrich Cubasch
Frequency of Heavy Rainfall Events in New Orleans, Louisiana, 1900 to 1991 Southeastern Geographer Nov 1, 1993 Barry D. Keim, Robert A. Muller
The Association between Extremes in North American Snow Cover Extent and United States Temperatures AMS: Journal of Climate Jul 1, 1993 Daniel J. Leathers and Dayid A. Robinson