About 25,000 people are without power in Paris and central France.
In Nemours, 3,000 people have been evacuated from the town centre.
The town's Loing river, a tributary of the Seine, now has levels not seen since the devastating floods of 1910.
"The centre of town is totally under water. All the businesses have been destroyed," said mayor Valerie Lacroute...
Elsewhere in Germany:
An emergency was declared in the historic town of Passau.
In Pfarrkirchen, more than 35mm of rain fell in the space of six hours on Wednesday.
In the district of Wesel, North Rhine-Westphalia, a dam is threatening to break