Science Sources

Search the database below for peer-reviewed studies and organizational reports documenting climate change trends. (Note: The database does not include studies on projected, or future change.) For studies that specifically identify the fingerprint of climate change on observed trends and events, visit Science Sources: Detection and Attribution.


Title Source Date Author(s)
Attribution of climate extreme events Nature Climate Change Kevin E. Trenberth, John T. Fasullo & Theodore G. Shepherd
Climate change now detectable from any single day of weather at global scale Nature Climate Change Sebastian Sippel, Nicolai Meinshausen, Erich M. Fischer, Enikő Székely, Reto Knutti
IPCC AR5 WGI: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis Cambridge University Press Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)
NCA 4: Climate Change Impacts in the United States (Volume I) U.S. Global Change Research Program Donald Wuebbles, David Fahey, and Kathleen Hibbard
Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change Assessment: Part I Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Thomas Knutson, Suzana J. Camargo, Johnny C. L. Chan, Kerry Emanuel, Chang-Hoi Ho, James Kossin, Mrutyunjay Mohapatra, Masaki Satoh, Masato Sugi, Kevin Walsh, and Liguang Wu
Title Source Date Author(s)
“Great Salinity Anomalies” in the North Atlantic Progress in Oceanography I.M Belkin, S Levitus, J Antonov, S.-A Malmberg
Accelerated flooding along the U.S. East Coast Earth's Future AGU Publication Tal Ezer and Larry P. Atkinson
Dynamic and thermodynamic changes in mean and extreme precipitation under changed climate Geophysical Research Letters Emori, S., Brown, S. J.
Evidence linking Arctic amplification to extreme weather in mid-latitudes Geophysical Research Letters Francis, Jennifer A., Vavrus, Stephen J.
How unusual is the 2012–2014 California drought? Geophysical Research Letters Griffin, Daniel, Anchukaitis, Kevin J.
Impact of climate change on human infectious diseases: Empirical evidence and human adaptation Environment International Xiaoxu Wu, Yongmei Lu, Sen Zhou, Lifan Chen, Bing Xu
Intensification of hot extremes in the United States Geophysical Research Letters Diffenbaugh, Noah S., Ashfaq, Moetasim
Probable causes of the abnormal ridge accompanying the 2013–2014 California drought: ENSO precursor and anthropogenic warming footprint Geophysical Research Letters Wang, S.‐Y., Hipps, Lawrence, Gillies, Robert R, Yoon, Jin‐Ho
Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index International Journal of Climatology Hanna, Edward, Cropper, Thomas E., Jones, Philip D., Scaife, Adam A., Allan, Rob
Recent warm and cold daily winter temperature extremes in the Northern Hemisphere Geophysical Research Letters Guirguis, Kristen, Gershunov, Alexander, Schwartz, Rachel, Bennett, Stephen
Trends in indices for extremes in daily temperature and precipitation in central and western Europe, 1901–99 International Journal of Climatology Moberg, Anders, Jones, Philip D.
Uncertainties in the attribution of greenhouse gas warming and implications for climate prediction Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres Jones, Gareth S., Stott, Peter A., Mitchell, John F. B.
What would happen to Superstorm Sandy under the influence of a substantially warmer Atlantic Ocean? Geophysical Research Letters Lau, William K. M., Shi, J. J., Tao, W. K., Kim, K. M.
Why does tropical convective available potential energy (CAPE) increase with warming? Geophysical Research Letters Seeley, Jacob T., Romps, David M.
“Recent warming”: ice core evidence from tropical ice cores with emphasis on Central Asia Global and Planetary Change L.G. Thompson, E.Mosley-Thompson, M.Davis, P.N.Lin, T.Yao, M.Dyurgerov J.Dai
2009-2010 Cold Season Special Report National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climate Data Center
2014 State of Nuisance Tidal Flooding NOAA William V. Sweet and John J. Marra
2015 State of U.S. “Nuisance” Tidal Flooding NOAA and NCEI William V. Sweet, John J. Marra
2016 Annual Global Climate and Catastrophe Report Aon Benfield Analytics
2016 State of U.S. High Tide Flooding and a 2017 Outlook National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services and National Centers for Environmental Information William V. Sweet, John J. Marra, Gregory Dusek