Science Sources

Search the database below for peer-reviewed studies and organizational reports documenting climate change trends. (Note: The database does not include studies on projected, or future change.) For studies that specifically identify the fingerprint of climate change on observed trends and events, visit Science Sources: Detection and Attribution.


Attribution of climate extreme events Nature Climate Change Jun 22, 2015 Kevin E. Trenberth, John T. Fasullo & Theodore G. Shepherd
Climate change now detectable from any single day of weather at global scale Nature Climate Change Jan 2, 2020 Sebastian Sippel, Nicolai Meinshausen, Erich M. Fischer, Enikő Székely, Reto Knutti
IPCC AR5 WGI: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis Cambridge University Press Sep 1, 2013 Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)
NCA 4: Climate Change Impacts in the United States (Volume I) U.S. Global Change Research Program Nov 3, 2017 Donald Wuebbles, David Fahey, and Kathleen Hibbard
Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change Assessment: Part I Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society May 28, 2019 Thomas Knutson, Suzana J. Camargo, Johnny C. L. Chan, Kerry Emanuel, Chang-Hoi Ho, James Kossin, Mrutyunjay Mohapatra, Masaki Satoh, Masato Sugi, Kevin Walsh, and Liguang Wu
Titlesort descending Source Date Author(s)
Accelerated flooding along the U.S. East Coast Earth's Future AGU Publication Aug 11, 2014 Tal Ezer and Larry P. Atkinson
Dynamic and thermodynamic changes in mean and extreme precipitation under changed climate Geophysical Research Letters Sep 13, 2005 Emori, S., Brown, S. J.
Evidence linking Arctic amplification to extreme weather in mid-latitudes Geophysical Research Letters Mar 17, 2012 Francis, Jennifer A., Vavrus, Stephen J.
How unusual is the 2012–2014 California drought? Geophysical Research Letters Dec 28, 2014 Griffin, Daniel, Anchukaitis, Kevin J.
Impact of climate change on human infectious diseases: Empirical evidence and human adaptation Environment International Oct 18, 2015 Xiaoxu Wu, Yongmei Lu, Sen Zhou, Lifan Chen, Bing Xu
Intensification of hot extremes in the United States Geophysical Research Letters Aug 6, 2010 Diffenbaugh, Noah S., Ashfaq, Moetasim
Probable causes of the abnormal ridge accompanying the 2013–2014 California drought: ENSO precursor and anthropogenic warming footprint Geophysical Research Letters May 2, 2014 Wang, S.‐Y., Hipps, Lawrence, Gillies, Robert R, Yoon, Jin‐Ho
Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index International Journal of Climatology Sep 8, 2014 Hanna, Edward, Cropper, Thomas E., Jones, Philip D., Scaife, Adam A., Allan, Rob
Recent warm and cold daily winter temperature extremes in the Northern Hemisphere Geophysical Research Letters Sep 2, 2011 Guirguis, Kristen, Gershunov, Alexander, Schwartz, Rachel, Bennett, Stephen
Trends in indices for extremes in daily temperature and precipitation in central and western Europe, 1901–99 International Journal of Climatology Jan 10, 2005 Moberg, Anders, Jones, Philip D.
Uncertainties in the attribution of greenhouse gas warming and implications for climate prediction Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres Jun 13, 2016 Jones, Gareth S., Stott, Peter A., Mitchell, John F. B.
What would happen to Superstorm Sandy under the influence of a substantially warmer Atlantic Ocean? Geophysical Research Letters Jan 19, 2016 Lau, William K. M., Shi, J. J., Tao, W. K., Kim, K. M.
Why does tropical convective available potential energy (CAPE) increase with warming? Geophysical Research Letters Dec 2, 2015 Seeley, Jacob T., Romps, David M.
“Great Salinity Anomalies” in the North Atlantic Progress in Oceanography Jan 1, 1998 I.M Belkin, S Levitus, J Antonov, S.-A Malmberg
2009-2010 Cold Season Special Report National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration May 24, 2010 National Climate Data Center
2014 State of Nuisance Tidal Flooding NOAA Sep 9, 2015 William V. Sweet and John J. Marra
2015 State of U.S. “Nuisance” Tidal Flooding NOAA and NCEI Jun 8, 2016 William V. Sweet, John J. Marra
2016 State of U.S. High Tide Flooding and a 2017 Outlook National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services and National Centers for Environmental Information Jun 7, 2017 William V. Sweet, John J. Marra, Gregory Dusek
2017 Arctic Report Card Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) of the Arctic Council Dec 13, 2017 J. Richter-Menge, J.e. Overland, J.T. Mathis, and E. Osborne
2017 was the Warmest Year on Record for the Global Ocean Advances in Atmospheric Sciences Jan 29, 2018 Lijing Cheng and Jiang Zhu