Science Sources

Search the database below for peer-reviewed studies and organizational reports documenting climate change trends. (Note: The database does not include studies on projected, or future change.) For studies that specifically identify the fingerprint of climate change on observed trends and events, visit Science Sources: Detection and Attribution.


Title Source Date Author(s)
NCA 4: Climate Change Impacts in the United States (Volume I) U.S. Global Change Research Program Donald Wuebbles, David Fahey, and Kathleen Hibbard
Attribution of climate extreme events Nature Climate Change Kevin E. Trenberth, John T. Fasullo & Theodore G. Shepherd
Climate change now detectable from any single day of weather at global scale Nature Climate Change Sebastian Sippel, Nicolai Meinshausen, Erich M. Fischer, Enikő Székely, Reto Knutti
IPCC AR5 WGI: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis Cambridge University Press Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)
Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change Assessment: Part I Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Thomas Knutson, Suzana J. Camargo, Johnny C. L. Chan, Kerry Emanuel, Chang-Hoi Ho, James Kossin, Mrutyunjay Mohapatra, Masaki Satoh, Masato Sugi, Kevin Walsh, and Liguang Wu
Title Source Date Author(s)
Assigning historic responsibility for extreme weather events World Weather Attribution, Nature Climate Change Friederike Otto, Ragnhild Skeie, Jan Fuglestvedt, Terje Bertsen, and Myles Allen
Rapid attribution of the August 2016 flood-inducing extreme precipitation in south Louisiana to climate change World Weather Attribution, Hydrology and Earth Systems Science Karin van der Wiel, Sarah B. Kapnick, Geert Jan van Oldenborgh, Kirien Whan, Sjoukje Philip, Gabriel A. Vecchi, Roop K. Singh, Julie Arrighi, and Heidi Cullen
Attribution of extreme rainfall from Hurricane Harvey, August 2017 World Weather Attribution, Environmental Research Letters Geert Jan van Oldenborgh, Karin van der Wiel, Antonia Sebastian, Roop Singh, Julie Arrighi, Friederike Otto, Karsten Haustein, Sihan Li, Gabriel Vecchi and Heidi Cullen
Great Barrier Reef Bleaching, March 2016 World Weather Attribution
U.S. Heat, February 2017 World Weather Attribution Geert Jan van Oldenborgh, Andrew King, Friederike Otto, Gabriel Vecchi, Claudia Tebaldi, and Heidi Cullen
Heatwave in northern Europe, summer 2018 World Weather Attribution
Kenya Drought, 2016 World Weather Attribution Peter Uhe, Sjoukje Philip, Sarah Kew, Kasturi Shah, Joyce Kimutai, Friederike Otto, Geert Jan Van Oldenborgh, Roop Singh, Julie Arrighi, Heidi Cullen
European Heat, June 2017 World Weather Attribution
Unusually high temperatures at the North Pole, winter 2016 World Weather Attribution
Human contribution to record-breaking June 2019 heatwave in France World Weather Attribution
Record Hot Year, 2015 World Weather Attribution
Rapid attribution of the extreme rainfall in Texas from Tropical Storm Imelda World Weather Attribution Geert Jan van Oldenborgh, Karin van der Wiel, Sjoukje Philip & Sarah Kew
Trends in Weather Extremes World Weather Attribution Geert Jan van Oldenborgh
Euro-Mediterranean Heat — Summer 2017 World Weather Attribution
Somalia Drought, 2016 – 2017 World Weather Attribution Geert Jan van Oldenborgh, Karin van der Wiel, Sjoukje Philip, Sarah Kew, Heidi Cullen, Kasturi Shah, Roop Singh, Maarten van Aalst, Friederike Otto, Sarah O’Keefe, and Joyce Kimutai
Winter in North America Is Cold — Dec. 2017-Jan. 2018 World Weather Attribution Geert Jan van Oldenborgh, Hylke de Vries (KNMI), Gabriel Vecchi (Princeton University), Friederike Otto (University of Oxford), Claudia Tebaldi (Climate Central and NCAR)
WMO expert team statement on Hurricane Harvey World Meteorological Organization News Knutson et al.
WMO Statement on the State of the Global Climate in 2016 World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
Un/natural Disasters: Communicating Linkages Between Extreme Events and Climate Change World Meteorological Organization Susan Joy Hassol, Simon Torok, Sophie Lewis, and Patrick Luganda
The global climate 2011-2015: hot and wild World Meteorological Organization